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Residential Assessment for Youth (RAY)


Meeting the identified individualized needs of the youth we serve in order for them to be successful is a central focus on which residential facility programming builds and supports. The risk assessment process is fundamental in providing and implementing effective interventions and evidenced  based services to address the youth’s identified needs.

The RAY risk assessment process allows for case management and clinical staff to utilize the RAY Assessment, Youth Needs Assessment Summary (YNAS), Performance Plan, and Performance Summary to address the criminogenic needs and improve protective factors to demonstrate positive change.  The RAY risk assessment process is sequential by design.

The Residential Assessment of Youth (RAY) is a research-based assessment specially designed for the residential setting. Program staff utilize the RAY instrument to identify a youth’s criminogenic needs and to address the youth’s risk and protective factors ultimately reducing the youth’s risk to reoffend.

Predominant risk and protective factors identified by the RAY are displayed in the Youth Needs Assessment Summary(YNAS).The YNAS is a comprehensive document containing information from multi -disciplinary assessments used to identify the strengths and needs of the youth in their care.  Utilizing the results from the RAY and YNAS provide information to best develop the performance plan.

The Performance Plan (PP) is a JJIS web-based form that outlines the youth’s individualized plan to address delinquency interventions identified and includes measurable goals that the youth is expected to achieve prior to release from the residential program

The performance summary is a key overview of information including the status of and progress toward performance plan goals, academic status, behavior and adjustment to program, as well as significant incidents (positive and negative).  This form is comprehensive and used in justification for release and transfers. 

The RAY risk assessment process provides residential staff with vital data to make informed decisions, provide best- fit evidenced based interventions, while documenting and monitoring progress. Performance Plan updates and RAY reassessments should clearly reflect changes that have occurred and how well youth have progressed in addressing their criminogenic needs.

Effective treatment through the use of the RAY risk assessment process is principal in youth successfully returning and remaining in the their community setting.


(The examples provided below are not all inclusive but provide a basic example of each document in the RAY risk assessment process.)